Cocaine promotes both initiation and elongation phase of HIV-1 transcription by activating NF-?B and MSK1 and inducing selective epigenetic modifications at HIV-1 LTR.

Sahu G, Farley K, El-Hage N, Aiamkitsumrit B, Fassnacht R, Kashanchi F, Ochem A, Simon GL, Karn J, Hauser KF, Tyagi M. Cocaine promotes both initiation and elongation phase of HIV-1 transcription by activating NF-?B and MSK1 and inducing selective epigenetic modifications at HIV-1 LTR. Virology. 2015 Sep; 483:185-202.

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