Christopher Kepler

TitleInstructor
InstitutionThomas Jefferson University
DepartmentOrthopedic Surgery
Address1015 Walnut St.
Philadelphia PA 19107
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Canseco JA, Minetos PD, Karamian BA, Paziuk TM, Basques BA, DiMaria SL, Timmins T, Hallman H, Henry T, Lee JK, Kurd MF, Anderson DG, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Comparison between Three- and Four-level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: Patient-Reported and Radiographic Outcomes. World Neurosurg. 2021 Apr 24. PMID: 33905909.
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    2. Karamian BA, Schroeder GD, Holas M, Joaquim AF, Canseco JA, Rajasekaran S, Benneker LM, Kandziora F, Schnake KJ, Öner FC, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Variation in global treatment for subaxial cervical spine isolated unilateral facet fractures. Eur Spine J. 2021 Apr 02. PMID: 33797624.
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    3. Sinensky AM, Kaye ID, Li WT, Wagner SC, Butler JS, Sebastian AS, Morrissey PB, Schroeder GD, Kepler C, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS. Radiographic Measures of Spinal Alignment Are Not Predictive of the Development of C5 Palsy Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery. Int J Spine Surg. 2021 Apr; 15(2):213-218. PMID: 33900977.
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    4. Karamian BA, Levy HA, Canseco JA, Goyal DKC, Divi SN, Lee JK, Kurd MF, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Does Facet Distraction Affect Patient Outcomes After ACDF? Global Spine J. 2021 Mar 24; 21925682211004244. PMID: 33759596.
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    5. Paziuk T, Conaway W, Kothari P, Canseco J, Vaccaro A, Hilibrand A, Kepler C. Does Adjacent Decompression at the Time of Lumbar Fusion Increase the Risk of Symptomatic Adjacent Segment Disease? Clin Spine Surg. 2021 Mar 23. PMID: 33769985.
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    6. Gibbons D, Ahern DP, Curley AE, Kepler CK, Butler JS. Impact of Sarcopenia on Degenerative Lumbar Spondylosis. Clin Spine Surg. 2021 Mar 01; 34(2):43-50. PMID: 33633055.
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    7. Divi SN, Kepler CK, Hilibrand AS, Goyal DKC, Mujica VE, Radcliff KE, Anderson DG, Kurd MF, Rihn JA, Kaye ID, Woods BR, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Patient Outcomes Following Short-segment Lumbar Fusion Are Not Affected by PI-LL Mismatch. Clin Spine Surg. 2021 Mar 01; 34(2):73-77. PMID: 33633060.
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    8. Goyal DKC, Tarazona DA, Segar A, Sutton R, Motto MA, Divi SN, Galtta MS, Hilibrand AS, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Kepler CK, Hsu V, Woods B, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Lumbar Pedicle Morphology and Vertebral Dimensions in Isthmic and Degenerative Spondylolisthesis-A Comparative Study. Int J Spine Surg. 2021 Apr; 15(2):243-250. PMID: 33900981.
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    9. Goyal DKC, Stull JD, Divi SN, Galtta MS, Bowles DR, Nicholson KJ, Kaye ID, Woods BI, Kurd MF, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Combined Depression and Anxiety Influence Patient-Reported Outcomes after Lumbar Fusion. Int J Spine Surg. 2021 Apr; 15(2):234-242. PMID: 33900980.
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    10. Kreitz TM, Mangan J, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Radcliff KE, Woods BI, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS. Do Preoperative Epidural Steroid Injections Increase the Risk of Infection After Lumbar Spine Surgery? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2021 Feb 01; 46(3):E197-E202. PMID: 33079913.
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    11. Pinter ZW, Mikula A, Shirley M, Xiong A, Wagner S, Elder BD, Freedman BA, Nassr A, Bydon M, Currier B, Kaye ID, Kepler C, Sebastian AS. Allograft Subsidence Decreases Postoperative Segmental Lordosis With Minimal Effect on Global Alignment Following ACDF. Global Spine J. 2021 Jan 21; 2192568220988270. PMID: 33472412.
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    12. Russo GS, Canseco JA, Chang M, Levy HA, Nicholson K, Karamian BA, Mangan J, Fang T, Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK. A Novel Scoring System to Predict Length of Stay After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2021 Jan 07; Publish Ahead of Print. PMID: 33428349.
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    13. Pinter ZW, Wagner S, Fredericks D, Xiong A, Helgeson M, Currier B, Freedman BA, Kepler C, Elder BD, Bydon M, Nassr A, Sebastian AS. Cervical Paraspinal Muscle Fatty Degeneration Is Not Associated with Muscle Cross-sectional Area: Qualitative Assessment Is Preferable for Cervical Sarcopenia. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2021 Jan 07; Publish Ahead of Print. PMID: 33416225.
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    14. Divi SN, Goyal DKC, Galetta MS, Guzek R, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Are Patient Outcomes Affected by the Presence of a Fellow or Resident in Lumbar Decompression Surgery? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2021 Jan 01; 46(1):35-40. PMID: 33315362.
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    15. Schroeder GD, Canseco JA, Patel PD, Divi SN, Karamian BA, Kandziora F, Vialle EN, Oner FC, Schnake KJ, Dvorak MF, Chapman JR, Benneker LM, Rajasekaran S, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Establishing the Injury Severity of Subaxial Cervical Spine Trauma: Validating the Hierarchical Nature of the AO Spine Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification System. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 Dec 17; Publish Ahead of Print. PMID: 33337687.
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    16. Canseco JA, Schroeder GD, Paziuk TM, Karamian BA, Kandziora F, Vialle EN, Oner FC, Schnake KJ, Dvorak MF, Chapman JR, Benneker LM, Rajasekaran S, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. The Subaxial Cervical AO Spine Injury Score. Global Spine J. 2020 Dec 11; 2192568220974339. PMID: 33302725.
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    17. Divi SN, Bronson WH, Canseco JA, Chang M, Goyal DKC, Nicholson KJ, Mujica VE, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. How do C2 tilt and C2 slope correlate with patient reported outcomes in patients after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion? Spine J. 2020 Nov 13. PMID: 33197615.
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    18. Goyal DKC, Divi SN, Schroeder GD, Pfeifer R, Canseco JA, Bowles DR, Nicholson KJ, Patel PD, Reyes AA, Radcliff KE, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Kaye ID, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Harrop JS, Vaccaro AR. Development of a Telemedicine Neurological Examination for Spine Surgery: A Pilot Trial. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Nov; 33(9):355-369. PMID: 32969872.
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    19. Vaccaro AR, Divi SN, Kepler CK, Schroeder GD, Hecht AC, Dossett AB, Watkins RG, Watkins RG, Mansoori S, Reid J, Vaccaro AR. The Management of Acute Lumbar Stress Reactions of the Pedicle and Pars in Professional Athletes Playing Collision Sports. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Sep 25. PMID: 32991362.
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    20. Divi SN, Makanji HS, Kepler CK, Anderson DG, Goyal DKC, Warner ED, Galetta MS, Hilibrand AS, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Woods BI, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Does the Size or Location of Lumbar Disc Herniation Predict the Need for Operative Treatment? Global Spine J. 2020 Sep 16; 2192568220948519. PMID: 32935569.
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    21. Divi SN, Goyal DKC, Stull JD, Morgenstern M, Galetta MS, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Depression Identified on the Mental Component Score of the Short Form-12 Affects Health Related Quality of Life After Lumbar Decompression Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Sep 01. PMID: 32889958.
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    22. Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Divi SN, Kepler CK, Kleweno CP, Krieg JC, Wilson JR, Holstein JH, Kurd MF, Firoozabadi R, Vialle LR, Oner FC, Kandziora F, Chapman JR, Schnake KJ, Benneker LM, Dvorak MF, Rajasekaran S, Vialle EN, Joaquim AF, El-Sharkawi MM, Dhakal GR, Popescu EC, Kanna RM, Muijs SPJ, Tee JW, Bellabarba C. Description and Reliability of the AOSpine Sacral Classification System. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020 Aug 19; 102(16):1454-1463. PMID: 32816418.
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    23. Stull JD, Goyal DK, Mangan JJ, Divi SN, McKenzie JC, Casper DS, Okroj K, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Hilibrand AS. The Outcomes of Patients with Neck Pain following ACDF: A Comparison of Patients with Radiculopathy, Myelopathy, or Mixed Symptomatology. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 Aug 12. PMID: 32796460.
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    24. Schroeder GD, Canseco JA, Patel PD, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Mirkovic SM, Watkins RG, Dossett A, Hecht AC, Vaccaro AR. Updated Return-to-Play Recommendations for Collision Athletes After Cervical Spine Injury: A Modified Delphi Consensus Study With the Cervical Spine Research Society. Neurosurgery. 2020 Jul 28. PMID: 32720683.
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    25. Canseco JA, Schroeder GD, Patel PD, Grasso G, Chang M, Kandziora F, Vialle EN, Oner FC, Schnake KJ, Dvorak MF, Chapman JR, Benneker LM, Rajasekaran S, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Regional and experiential differences in surgeon preference for the treatment of cervical facet injuries: a case study survey with the AO Spine Cervical Classification Validation Group. Eur Spine J. 2020 Jul 22. PMID: 32700126.
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    26. Reyes AA, Canseco JA, Mangan JJ, Divi SN, Goyal DKC, Bowles DR, Patel PD, Salmons HI, Morgenstern M, Anderson DG, Rihn JA, Kurd MF, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Risk Factors for Prolonged Opioid Use and Effects of Opioid Tolerance on Clinical Outcomes After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 Jul 15; 45(14):968-975. PMID: 32604353.
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    27. Morrissey PB, Shafi KA, Wagner SC, Butler JS, Kaye ID, Sebastian AS, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Aarabi B, Oner FC, Vaccaro AR. Surgical Management of Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures: Surgical Decision-making Using the AOSpine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification Score and Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Jul 10. PMID: 32657842.
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    28. Pinter ZW, Wagner SC, Fredericks DR, Xiong A, Freedman BA, Elder BD, Nassr A, Bydon M, Kepler CK, Sebastian AS. Higher Paraspinal Muscle Density Effect on Outcomes After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Global Spine J. 2020 Jul 07; 2192568220935108. PMID: 32677527.
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    29. Shenoy K, Patel PD, Henstenburg JM, Canseco JA, Donnally CJ, Lee JK, Kepler CK. Impact of Preoperative Weakness and Duration of Symptoms on Health-Related Quality-of-Life Outcomes Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Spine J. 2020 Jun 27. PMID: 32603856.
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    30. Galetta MS, Divi SN, Shapses MA, Hartman JB, Nicholson KJ, Goyal DKC, Fang T, Mangan JJ, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Processing and Handling Cost of Single-use Versus Traditional Instrumentation for 1 Level Lumbar Fusions. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Jun 16. PMID: 32554985.
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    31. Goyal DKC, Divi SN, Bowles DR, Mujica VE, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Does Smoking Affect Short-Term Patient-Reported Outcomes After Lumbar Decompression? Global Spine J. 2020 May 29; 2192568220925791. PMID: 32875911.
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    32. Goyal DKC, Divi SN, Bowles DR, Nicholson KJ, Mujica VE, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. How Does Smoking Influence Patient-reported Outcomes in Patients After Lumbar Fusion? Clin Spine Surg. 2020 May 22. PMID: 32453166.
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    33. Divi SN, Goyal DKC, Bowles DR, Mujica VE, Guzek R, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. How do spinopelvic parameters influence patient-reported outcome measurements after lumbar decompression? Spine J. 2020 May 20. PMID: 32445807.
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    34. Bonaddio V, Herman Z, Armstrong J, Kepler C, Molter M. Vague neck pain following a gastrointestinal procedure: a rare case presentation of vertebral osteomyelitis and cervical epidural abscess. Spinal Cord Ser Cases. 2020 May 13; 6(1):40. PMID: 32404877.
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    35. Lee TJ, Thomas AA, Grandhi NR, Galetta MS, Goyal DKC, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Cost-effectiveness Applications of Patient-reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) in Spine Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 May; 33(4):140-145. PMID: 32348090.
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    36. Divi SN, Goyal DKC, Stull JD, Kothari P, Padua FG, Patel PD, Bowles DR, Reyes AA, Galetta MS, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. BMI Does Not Affect Complications or Patient Reported Outcomes After Lumbar Decompression Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Apr 28. PMID: 32349060.
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    37. Donnally CJ, McCormick JR, Pastore MA, Sama AJ, Schiller NC, Li DJ, Bondar KJ, Shenoy K, Spielman AF, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Social media presence correlated with improved online review scores for spine surgeons. World Neurosurg. 2020 Apr 17. PMID: 32311565.
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    38. Koerner JD, Markova DZ, Schroeder GD, Antonacci CL, Mendelis J, Vaccaro AR, Anderson DG, Kepler CK. Correlation of Early Outcomes and Intradiscal Interleukin-6 Expression in Lumbar Fusion Patients. Neurospine. 2020 Mar; 17(1):36-41. PMID: 32252153.
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    39. Donnally CJ, Shenoy K, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK. Triaging Spine Surgery in the COVID-19 Era. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Mar 31. PMID: 32235170.
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    40. Russo G, Mangan JJ, Galetta MS, Boody B, Bronson W, Segar A, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Update on Spinal Cord Injury Management. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Mar 31. PMID: 32235169.
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    41. Goyal DKC, Stolz K, Lee TJ, Thomas A, Grandhi N, Galetta MS, Divi SN, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Statistics for the Practicing Spine Surgeon: Fundamental Measurements. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Mar 24. PMID: 32217982.
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    42. Mangan JJ, Tadley M, Divi SN, Stull JD, Goyal DKC, McKenzie JC, Casper DS, Galetta MS, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. The Impact of Multiple Comorbid Mental Health Disorders on Health-related Quality of Life Following ACDF. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Mar 06. PMID: 32149747.
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    43. Goyal DKC, Murphy HA, Hollern DA, Divi SN, Nicholson K, Stawicki C, Kaye ID, Schroeder GD, Woods BI, Kurd MF, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Kepler CK, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Radcliff KE. Is the Neck Disability Index an Appropriate Measure for Changes in Physical Function After Surgery for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy? Int J Spine Surg. 2020 Feb; 14(1):53-58. PMID: 32128303.
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    44. Stull JD, Divi SN, Goyal DKC, Bowles DR, Reyes AA, Bechay J, Sonnier JH, Nachwalter RN, Zarowin JJ, Galetta MS, Kaye ID, Woods BI, Kurd MF, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Preoperative Mental Health Component Scoring is Related to Patient Reported Outcomes Following Lumbar Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 Jan 30. PMID: 32004229.
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    45. Hong J, Li S, Markova DZ, Liang A, Kepler CK, Huang Y, Zhou J, Yan J, Chen W, Huang D, Xu K, Ye W. Bromodomain-containing protein 4 inhibition alleviates matrix degradation by enhancing autophagy and suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activity in NP cells. J Cell Physiol. 2020 Jan 24. PMID: 31975410.
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    46. Kane LT, Fang T, Galetta MS, Goyal DKC, Nicholson KJ, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Propensity Score Matching: A Statistical Method. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Jan 06. PMID: 31913173.
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    47. Hollern DA, Woods BI, Shah NV, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Kaye ID, Millhouse PW, Diebo BG, Paulino CB, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Radcliff KE. Risk Factors for Pseudarthrosis After Surgical Site Infection of the Spine. Int J Spine Surg. 2019 Dec; 13(6):507-514. PMID: 31970045.
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    48. Goyal DKC, Grandhi N, Lee TJ, Stolz K, Thomas A, Galetta MS, Divi SN, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Statistics for the Practicing Spine Surgeon: Supplementary Data Analysis Measurements. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Dec 04. PMID: 31851013.
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    49. Schroeder GD, McKenzie JC, Casper DS, Mangan JJ, Stull J, Kepler CK, Nicholson KJ, Kurd MF, Hilibrand AS, Murphy H, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Rihn JA. Does an Uninstrumented Level Increase the Rate of Revision Surgery in a Multilevel Posterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion? Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Dec; 32(10):E416-E419. PMID: 31789896.
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    50. Mangan JJ, Goyal DKC, Divi SN, Bowles DR, Nicholson KJ, Mujica VE, Lee TJ, DePaola RV, Saline A, Fang T, Galetta MS, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Does Smoking Status Influence Health-Related Quality of Life Outcome Measures in Patients Undergoing ACDF? Global Spine J. 2019 Nov 28; 2192568219890292. PMID: 32875848.
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    51. Divi SN, Markova DZ, Fang T, Guzek R, Kurd MF, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK. Circulating miR-155-5p as a Novel Biomarker of Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Nov 18. PMID: 31770330.
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    52. Divi SN, Goyal DKC, Galetta MS, Fang T, Padua FG, Reyes AA, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. How Does BMI Influence Outcomes in Patients after Lumbar Fusion? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Nov 15. PMID: 31770335.
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    53. Salmons HI, Lendner M, Divi SN, Dworkin M, McKenzie J, Tarazona D, Gala Z, Lendner Y, Woods B, Kaye D, Savage J, Kepler C, Kurd M, Hsu V, Radcliff K, Rihn J, Anderson G, Hilibrand A, Vaccaro A, Schroeder G. Effects of Operating Room Size on Surgical Site Infection Following Lumbar Fusion Surgery. Int J Spine Surg. 2019 Oct; 13(5):423-428. PMID: 31741831.
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    54. Lee TJ, Galetta MS, Nicholson KJ, Cifuentes E, Goyal DKC, Mangan JJ, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Wearable Technology in Spine Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Oct 18. PMID: 31634172.
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    55. Segar AH, Robertson PA, Boody BS, Kepler CK. Does Restoration of Anatomic Segmental Lordosis Reduce the Rate of Adjacent Segment Disease in 1 Level Fusions for a Degenerative Spondylolisthesis? Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Sep 27. PMID: 31569178.
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    56. Casper DS, Schroeder GD, McKenzie J, Zmistowski B, Vatson J, Mangan J, Stull J, Kurd M, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Kaye DI, Radcliff K, Woods B, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK. Medicaid Reimbursement for Common Spine Procedures: Are Compensation Rates Consistent? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Sep 26. PMID: 31568265.
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    57. Divi SN, Kepler CK, Segar AH, Russo GS, Bronson WH, Boody BS, Galetta MS, Goyal DKC, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Vaccaro AR. Role of Imaging, Tissue Sampling, and Biomarkers for Diagnosis of SSI in Spine Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Sep 19. PMID: 31567424.
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    58. Divi SN, Goyal DKC, Mangan JJ, Galetta MS, Nicholson KJ, Fang T, Goyal S, Booth TJ, Tarazona D, Lucasti C, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Are Outcomes of Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Influenced by Presurgical Depression Symptoms on the Mental Component Score of the Short Form-12 Survey? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Sep 06. PMID: 31513106.
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    59. Segar AH, Divi SN, Tarazona D, Fried T, Sandhu H, Kaye ID, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Hilibrand AS, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Non-mobile Adjacent Level Cervical Spondylolisthesis Does Not Always Require Fusion in Patients Undergoing ACDF. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Sep; 44(18):1287-1293. PMID: 31261272.
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    60. Galetta MS, Kepler CK, Divi SN, Boody BS, Bronson WH, Segar AH, Russo GS, Mujica V, Yayac M, Goyal DKC, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Vaccaro AR. Consensus on Risk Factors and Prevention in SSI in Spine Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Aug 27. PMID: 31464694.
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    61. Divi SN, Kepler CK, Boody BS, Bronson WH, Russo GS, Segar AH, Galetta MS, Goyal DKC, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Vaccaro AR. Consensus on Implants in Infections After Spine Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Aug 09. PMID: 31404014.
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    62. Kepler CK, Divi SN, Russo GS, Segar AH, Boody BS, Bronson WH, Tarazona DA, Cifuentes E, Asma A, Galetta MS, Goyal DKC, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Vaccaro AR. Consensus on the Role of Antibiotic Use in SSI Following Spinal Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Aug 06. PMID: 31393278.
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    63. Kepler CK, Divi SN, Bronson WH, Boody BS, Segar AH, Russo GS, Kaye ID, Sirch FJ, Galetta MS, Goyal DKC, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Vaccaro AR. General Principles in the Consensus of SSI Management After Spine Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Aug 02. PMID: 31385851.
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    64. Galetta MS, Fang T, Goyal DKC, Divi SN, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Fellow Versus Resident: Graduate Medical Education and Patient Outcomes After Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion Surgery. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2019 Jul 30. PMID: 31365356.
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    65. Divi SN, Schroeder GD, Goyal DKC, Radcliff KE, Galetta MS, Hilibrand AS, Anderson DG, Kurd MF, Rihn JA, Kaye ID, Woods BR, Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK. Fusion technique does not affect short-term patient reported outcomes for lumbar degenerative disease. Spine J. 2019 Jul 26. PMID: 31356987.
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    66. Hu Y, Zhu BK, Kepler CK, Yuan ZS, Dong WX, Sun XY. A Comparison Study of Three Posterior Fixation Strategies in Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Lumbar for the Treatment of Degenerative Diseases. Indian J Orthop. 2019 Jul-Aug; 53(4):542-547. PMID: 31303670.
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    67. Schroeder GD, Suleiman LI, Chioffe MA, Mangan JJ, McKenzie JC, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Vaccaro AR, Savage JW, Hsu WK, Patel AA. The Effect of Oblique Magnetic Resonance Imaging on Surgical Decision Making for Patients Undergoing an Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion for Cervical Radiculopathy. Int J Spine Surg. 2019 Jun; 13(3):302-307. PMID: 31328096.
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    68. Mangan JJ, Divi SN, McKenzie JC, Stull JD, Conaway W, Casper DS, Goyal DKC, Nicholson KJ, Galetta MS, Wagner SC, Kaye ID, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK. Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Affects Pseudarthrosis Rates and Influences Patient-Reported Outcomes. Global Spine J. 2020 Feb; 10(1):55-62. PMID: 32002350.
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    69. Galetta MS, Kepler CK, Divi SN, Russo GS, Segar AH, Boody BS, Bronson WH, Rihn JA, Goyal DKC, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Vaccaro AR. Consensus on Wound Care of SSI in Spine Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Jun 07. PMID: 31180993.
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    70. Kreitz TM, Tarazona D, Padegimas EM, Foltz C, Kepler CK, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Schroeder GD. Comparison of Short-term Outcomes After Lumbar Fusion Between an Orthopedic Specialty Hospital and Tertiary Referral Center. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 May 01; 44(9):652-658. PMID: 30986794.
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    71. McKenzie JC, Wagner SC, Sebastian A, Casper DS, Mangan J, Stull J, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Kepler C. Sarcopenia does not affect clinical outcomes following lumbar fusion. J Clin Neurosci. 2019 Mar 18. PMID: 30898487.
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    72. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Grad S, Alini M, Fang T, Markova DZ, Koerner JD, Rajasekaran S, Chapman J, Kandziora F, Schnake KJ, Dvorak MF, Oner FC, Vaccaro AR. Does Riluzole Influence Bone Formation? An in vitro Study of Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells and Osteoblast. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Mar 01. PMID: 30896584.
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    73. Delaney LJ, MacDonald D, Leung J, Fitzgerald K, Sevit AM, Eisenbrey JR, Patel N, Forsberg F, Kepler CK, Fang T, Kurtz SM, Hickok NJ. Ultrasound-triggered antibiotic release from PEEK clips to prevent spinal fusion infection: Initial evaluations. Acta Biomater. 2019 Feb 28. PMID: 30826477.
      Citations:    
    74. Zhou J, Sun J, Markova DZ, Li S, Kepler CK, Hong J, Huang Y, Chen W, Xu K, Wei F, Ye W. MicroRNA-145 overexpression attenuates apoptosis and increases matrix synthesis in nucleus pulposus cells. Life Sci. 2019 Mar 15; 221:274-283. PMID: 30797016.
      Citations:    
    75. Luksanapruksa P, Millhouse PW, Carlson V, Ariyawatkul T, Heller J, Kepler CK. Comparison of Surgical Outcomes of the Posterior and Combined Approaches for Repair of Cervical Fractures in Ankylosing Spondylitis. Asian Spine J. 2019 Feb 13. PMID: 30744306.
      Citations:    
    76. Schroeder GD, McKenzie JC, Casper DS, Kurd MF, Hilibrand AS, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Kepler C. The Total Cost to the Health Care System in Medicare and Medicaid Patients for the Treatment of Cervical Myelopathy. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Feb; 32(1):32-37. PMID: 30601155.
      Citations:    
    77. Zarowin J, Warnick E, Mangan J, Nicholson K, Goyal DKC, Galetta MS, Fang T, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Is Wearable Technology Part of the Future of Orthopedic Health Care? Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Jan 25. PMID: 30688678.
      Citations:    
    78. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, McKenzie JC, Casper DS, Sutton R, Hecht AC, O'Shaughnessy BA, Skelly AC, Brodt ED, Vaccaro AR. Dimensions of the Subaxial Lateral Mass: A Systematic Review of Anatomic (Morphometric) Measurement Studies. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Jan 21. PMID: 30672748.
      Citations:    
    79. Stenson JF, Kepler CK. Bias in Prospective Research and How to Avoid it. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Jan 05. PMID: 30614841.
      Citations:    
    80. Casper DS, Schroeder GD, Zmistowski B, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK. Medicaid Reimbursement for Common Orthopedic Procedures Is Not Consistent. Orthopedics. 2019 Mar 01; 42(2):e193-e196. PMID: 30602045.
      Citations:    
    81. Tarazona D, Boody B, Hilibrand AS, Stull J, Bell K, Fang T, Goyal D, Galetta M, Kaye D, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD. Longer Preoperative Duration of Symptoms Negatively Affects Health-Related Quality of Life After Surgery for Cervical Radiculopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 Nov 01. PMID: 30395087.
      Citations:    
    82. Kaye ID, Wagner SC, Butler JS, Sebastian A, Morrissey PB, Kepler C. Risk Factors for Adverse Cardiac Events After Lumbar Spine Fusion. Int J Spine Surg. 2018 Oct; 12(5):638-643. PMID: 30364741.
      Citations:    
    83. Schroeder GD, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, McKenzie JC, Nicholson KJ, Stawicki C, Paul J, Kumar P, Hollern DA, Murphy H, Milhouse PW, Kurd MF, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Rihn JA. Utilization of Time-driven Activity-based Costing to Determine the True Cost of a Single or 2-level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Clin Spine Surg. 2018 Oct 09. PMID: 30303821.
      Citations:    
    84. Wagner SC, Sebastian AS, Butler JS, Kaye ID, Morrissey PB, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK. C5 Motor Palsy After Single- and Multi-level Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion: A Retrospective Review. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2018 Sep 13. PMID: 30216246.
      Citations:    
    85. Kepler CK, McKenzie J, Kreitz T, Vaccaro A. Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Spine Surgery. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2018 Jul 15; 26(14):489-500. PMID: 29870417.
      Citations:    
    86. Boody BS, Schroeder GD, Segar AH, Kepler CK. Should Asymptomatic Patients With Cervical Spinal Cord Compression and Spinal Cord Signal Change Undergo Surgical Intervention? Clin Spine Surg. 2018 Jun 22. PMID: 29939844.
      Citations:    
    87. Schroeder GD, Kurd MF, Kepler CK, Radcliff KE, Maltenfort MG, Murphy H, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. Are Patients Undergoing an Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Treated Differently at a Physician-owned Hospital? Clin Spine Surg. 2018 Jun; 31(5):211-215. PMID: 29851892.
      Citations:    
    88. Mlyavykh S, Ludwig SC, Kepler CK, Anderson DG. Five-year results of a clinical pilot study utilizing a pedicle-lengthening osteotomy for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. J Neurosurg Spine. 2018 Jun 01; 1-9. PMID: 29856305.
      Citations:    
    89. Schroeder GD, McKenzie JC, Casper DS, Stake S, Buchholz J, Kepler C, Rihn JA, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Kaye ID, Nicholson K, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Khan S, Kurd MF. Descriptive Analysis of Associated Factors for Urgent Versus Nonurgent Inpatient Spine Transfers to a Tertiary Care Hospital. Am J Med Qual. 2018 May 01; 1062860618776080. PMID: 29756457.
      Citations:    
    90. Kreitz TM, Hollern DA, Padegimas EM, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS. Clinical Outcomes After Four-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Global Spine J. 2018 Dec; 8(8):776-783. PMID: 30560028.
      Citations:    
    91. Wagner SC, Sebastian AS, McKenzie JC, Butler JS, Kaye ID, Morrissey PB, Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK. Severe Lumbar Disability Is Associated With Decreased Psoas Cross-Sectional Area in Degenerative Spondylolisthesis. Global Spine J. 2018 Oct; 8(7):716-721. PMID: 30443482.
      Citations:    
    92. Fang T, Russo GS, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK. The Accurate Free-hand Placement of S2 Alar Iliac (S2AI) Screw. Clin Spine Surg. 2018 Mar 16. PMID: 29553943.
      Citations:    
    93. Koerner JD, Markova DZ, Schroeder GD, Calio BP, Shah A, Brooks CW, Vaccaro AR, Anderson DG, Kepler CK. The local cytokine and growth factor response to rhBMP-2 after spinal fusion. Spine J. 2018 Mar 14. PMID: 29550606.
      Citations:    
    94. Casper DS, Zmistowski B, Schroeder GD, McKenzie JC, Mangan J, Vatson J, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK. Pre-Injury Patient Characteristics and Post-Injury Neurological Status Are Associated with Mortality following Spinal Cord Injury. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Dec 26. PMID: 29280931.
      Citations:    
    95. Wagner SC, Kepler CK. Stabilization of a thoracolumbar flexion-distraction injury utilizing a temporary interspinous process construct: technical note. J Neurosurg Spine. 2018 Mar; 28(3):287-290. PMID: 29271727.
      Citations:    
    96. Schroeder GD, Boody BS, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Silva S, Nicholson K, Wilson JR, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Rihn JA. Comparing Health Related Quality of Life Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Either Primary or Revision Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Dec 05. PMID: 29215496.
      Citations:    
    97. Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Fleischman AN, Traynelis VC, Patel AA, Dekutoski MB, Harrop J, Wood KB, Schroeder GD, Bransford R, Aarabi B, Okonkwo DO, Arnold PM, Fehlings MG, Nassr A, Shaffrey C, Yoon ST, Kwon B. Treatment of Axis Body Fractures: A Systematic Review. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Dec; 30(10):442-456. PMID: 29176489.
      Citations:    
    98. Sebastian AS, Rihn JA, Wagner SC, Butler JS, Kepler CK. Should TLIF be Routinely Used in a 60-Year-Old Man With a Mild Degenerative Spondylolisthesis? Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Dec; 30(10):429-432. PMID: 29088011.
      Citations:    
    99. Nicholson KJ, Millhouse PW, Pflug E, Woods B, Schroeder GD, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Rihn JA, Vaccaro A, Radcliff KE. Cervical Sagittal Range Of Motion As A Predictor Of Symptom Severity In Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Oct 31. PMID: 29095412.
      Citations:    
    100. Wagner SC, Morrissey PB, Kaye ID, Sebastian A, Butler JS, Kepler CK. Intraoperative pedicle screw navigation does not significantly affect complication rates after spine surgery. J Clin Neurosci. 2018 Jan; 47:198-201. PMID: 29050896.
      Citations:    
    101. Murphy HA, Warnick E, McGintee R, Nicholson K, Hollern DA, Stawicki C, Tarazona D, Schroeder GD, Woods BI, Kurd MF, Rihn JA, Anderson GD, Kepler CK, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Radcliff KE. Which Domains of the ODI Best Predict Change in Physical Function in Patients after Surgery for Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Oct 12. PMID: 29028759.
      Citations:    
    102. Calio BP, Kepler CK, Koerner JD, Rihn JA, Millhouse P, Radcliff KE. Outcome of a Resident Spine Surgical Skills Training Program. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Oct; 30(8):E1126-E1129. PMID: 28937469.
      Citations:    
    103. Murphy H, Schroeder GD, Shi WJ, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Fleischman AN, Kandziora F, Chapman JR, Benneker LM, Vaccaro AR. Management of Hangman's Fractures: A Systematic Review. J Orthop Trauma. 2017 Sep; 31 Suppl 4:S90-S95. PMID: 28816880.
      Citations:    
    104. Wagner SC, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Schupper AJ, Kandziora F, Vialle EN, Oner C, Fehlings MG, Vaccaro AR. Controversies in the Management of Geriatric Odontoid Fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2017 Sep; 31 Suppl 4:S44-S48. PMID: 28816875.
      Citations:    
    105. Kepler CK, Schroeder GD, Hollern DA, Chapman JR, Fehlings MG, Dvorak M, Bellabarba C, Vaccaro AR. Do Formal Laminectomy and Timing of Decompression for Patients With Sacral Fracture and Neurologic Deficit Affect Outcome? J Orthop Trauma. 2017 Sep; 31 Suppl 4:S75-S80. PMID: 28816878.
      Citations:    
    106. Schroeder GD, Kurd MF, Kepler CK, Radcliff KE, Maltenfort MG, Murphy H, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. The Effect of Hospital Ownership on Health Care Utilization in Orthopedic Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Aug 04. PMID: 28787282.
      Citations:    
    107. L Sobol G, Hilibrand A, Davis A, Millhouse P, Koerner J, Kepler C, Schroeder GD, Krystal JD, Olsson EC, Rihn J, Anderson DG, Vaccaro A, Radcliff K. Reliability and Clinical Utility of the CARDS Classification for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Jul 17. PMID: 28719453.
      Citations:    
    108. Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Oner FC, Vialle LR, Kandziora F, Koerner JD, Kurd MF, Reinhold M, Schnake KJ, Chapman J, Aarabi B, Fehlings MG, Dvorak MF. Answer to the Letter to the Editor of A. Piazzolla et al. concerning, "The Surgical Algorithm for the AOSpine, Thoracolumbar Spine Injury Classification System" by A. R. Vaccaro et al.; Eur Spine J (2016); 25(4):1087-1094. Eur Spine J. 2017 Jun 23. PMID: 28646453.
      Citations:    
    109. Wagner SC, Butler JS, Kaye ID, Sebastian A, Morrissey PB, Kepler C. Risk Factors for and Complications after Surgical Delay in Elective Single-Level Lumbar Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Jun 09. PMID: 28604494.
      Citations:    
    110. Casper DS, Zmistowski B, Hollern DA, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK. The effect of Postoperative Spinal Infections on Patient Mortality. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Jun 09. PMID: 28604484.
      Citations:    
    111. Butler JS, Kaye ID, Sebastian AS, Wagner SC, Morrissey PB, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. The Evolution of Current Research Impact Metrics: From Bibliometrics to Altmetrics? Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Jun; 30(5):226-228. PMID: 28338492.
      Citations:    
    112. Rodrigues-Pinto R, Kurd MF, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Krieg JC, Holstein JH, Bellabarba C, Firoozabadi R, Oner FC, Kandziora F, Dvorak MF, Kleweno CP, Vialle LR, Rajasekaran S, Schnake KJ, Vaccaro AR. Sacral Fractures and Associated Injuries. Global Spine J. 2017 Oct; 7(7):609-616. PMID: 28989838.
      Citations:    
    113. Ghobrial GM, Heller J, Cataldo D, Kepler CK. Is An Isolated Intervertebral Disk With Significant Degeneration Magnetic Resonance Imaging A Cause of Low Back Pain That Requires No Confirmatory Diagnostic Tests? Clin Spine Surg. 2017 May; 30(4):139-141. PMID: 28437328.
      Citations:    
    114. Butler JS, Sebastian AS, Kaye ID, Wagner SC, Morrissey PB, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Understanding Traditional Research Impact Metrics. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 May; 30(4):164-166. PMID: 28319469.
      Citations:    
    115. Kepler CK. Randomization Strategies. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Apr; 30(3):120-121. PMID: 28234775.
      Citations:    
    116. Luksanapruksa P, Buchowski JM, Zebala LP, Kepler CK, Singhatanadgige W, Bumpass DB. Perioperative Complications of Spinal Metastases Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Feb; 30(1):4-13. PMID: 27984252.
      Citations:    
    117. Wilson JR, Tetreault LA, Schroeder G, Harrop JS, Prasad S, Vaccaro A, Kepler C, Sharan A, Fehlings MG. Impact of Elevated Body Mass Index and Obesity on Long-term Surgical Outcomes for Patients With Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Analysis of a Combined Prospective Dataset. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Feb; 42(3):195-201. PMID: 28125441.
      Citations:    
    118. Hu Y, Yuan ZS, Kepler CK, Dong WX, Sun XY, Zhang J. Comparison of occipitocervical and atlantoaxial fusion in treatment of unstable Jefferson fractures. Indian J Orthop. 2017 Jan-Feb; 51(1):28-35. PMID: 28216748.
      Citations:    
    119. Koerner JD, Markova DZ, Schroeder GD, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Anderson DG, Kepler CK. The Effect of Substance P on an Intervertebral Disc Rat Organ Culture Model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Dec 15; 41(24):1851-1859. PMID: 27163370.
      Citations:    
    120. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Mead L, Millhouse PW, Kumar P, Nicholson K, Stawicki C, Helber A, Fasciano D, Patel AA, Woods BI, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. Is It Necessary to Extend a Multilevel Posterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion to the Upper Thoracic Spine? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Dec 1; 41(23):1845-1849. PMID: 27898600.
      Citations:    
    121. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Hollern DA, Rodrigues-Pinto R, Kurd MF, Wilson JR, Maltenfort MG, Paul JT, Fleischman AN, Dwight K, Millhouse PW, Vaccaro AR. The Effect of Dynamic Versus Static Plating Systems on Fusion Rates and Complications in 1-Level and/or 2-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Systematic Review. Clin Spine Surg. 2016 Nov 28. PMID: 27898451.
      Citations:    
    122. Radcliff K, Morrison WB, Kepler C, Moore J, Sidhu GS, Gendelberg D, Miller L, Sonagli MA, Vaccaro AR. Distinguishing Pseudomeningocele, Epidural Hematoma, and Postoperative Infection on Postoperative MRI. Clin Spine Surg. 2016 Nov; 29(9):E471-E474. PMID: 27755204.
      Citations:    
    123. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Alijanipour P, Kurd MF, Hollern D, Kumar P, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. The Economic Implications of an Incidental Durotomy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Oct 1; 41(19):1548-53. PMID: 27031769.
      Citations:    
    124. Kadam A, Millhouse PW, Kepler CK, Radcliff KE, Fehlings MG, Janssen ME, Sasso RC, Benedict JJ, Vaccaro AR. Bone substitutes and expanders in Spine Surgery: A review of their fusion efficacies. Int J Spine Surg. 2016; 10:33. PMID: 27909654.
      Citations:    
    125. Schroeder GD, Markova DZ, Koerner JD, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Anderson DG, Kepler CK. Are Modic changes associated with intervertebral disc cytokine profiles? Spine J. 2017 Jan; 17(1):129-134. PMID: 27497891.
      Citations:    
    126. Radcliff KE, Sidhu GD, Kepler CK, Gruskay J, Anderson DG, Hilibrand A, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR. Complications of Flat Bed Rest After Incidental Durotomy. Clin Spine Surg. 2016 Aug; 29(7):281-4. PMID: 23197257.
      Citations:    
    127. Schroeder GD, Kurd MF, Kepler CK, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. Comparing the Treatment Algorithm and Complications for Patients Undergoing an Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion at a Physician-Owned Specialty Hospital and a University-Owned Tertiary Care Hospital. Am J Med Qual. 2017 Mar/Apr; 32(2):208-214. PMID: 26721252.
      Citations:    
    128. Radcliff KE, Bennett J, Stewart RJ, Kepler CK, Sidhu GS, Hilibrand AS, Kane J, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR, Rihn JA. Change in Angular Alignment Is Associated With Early Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Clin Spine Surg. 2016 Jul; 29(6):248-54. PMID: 27137158.
      Citations:    
    129. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Millhouse PW, Fleischman AN, Maltenfort MG, Bateman DK, Vaccaro AR. L5/S1 Fusion Rates in Degenerative Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review Comparing ALIF, TLIF, and Axial Interbody Arthrodesis. Clin Spine Surg. 2016 May; 29(4):150-5. PMID: 26841206.
      Citations:    
    130. Raphael IJ, Rasouli MR, Kepler CK, Restrepo S, Albert TJ, Radcliff KE. Pelvic Incidence in Patients with Hip Osteoarthritis. Arch Bone Jt Surg. 2016 Apr; 4(2):132-6. PMID: 27200390.
      Citations:    
    131. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. The Use of Cell Transplantation in Spinal Cord Injuries. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016 Apr; 24(4):266-75. PMID: 26945167.
      Citations:    
    132. Schroeder GD, Kurd MF, Kepler CK, Krieg JC, Wilson JR, Kleweno CP, Firoozabadi R, Bellabarba C, Kandizoria F, Schnake KJ, Rajesekaran S, Dvorak MF, Chapman JR, Vialle LR, Oner FC, Vaccaro AR. The Development of a Universally Accepted Sacral Fracture Classification: A Survey of AOSpine and AOTrauma Members. Global Spine J. 2016 Nov; 6(7):686-694. PMID: 27781189.
      Citations:    
    133. Schroeder GD, Hsu WK, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Vaccaro AR, Patel AA, Savage JW. Use of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 in the Treatment of Degenerative Spondylolisthesis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Mar; 41(5):445-9. PMID: 26571176.
      Citations:    
    134. Hu Y, Kepler CK, Albert TJ, Hann S, Ma WH, Yuan ZS, Dong WX, Xu RM. Conservative and Operative Treatment in Extension Teardrop Fractures of the Axis. Clin Spine Surg. 2016 Feb; 29(1):E49-54. PMID: 23429320.
      Citations:    
    135. Millhouse PW, Schroeder GD, Kurd MF, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Savage JW. Microdiscectomy for a Paracentral Lumbar Herniated Disk. Clin Spine Surg. 2016 Feb; 29(1):17-20. PMID: 26710186.
      Citations:    
    136. Haddad S, Millhouse PW, Maltenfort M, Restrepo C, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Diagnosis and neurologic status as predictors of surgical site infection in primary cervical spinal surgery. Spine J. 2016 May; 16(5):632-42. PMID: 26809148.
      Citations:    
    137. Schroeder GD, Hjelm N, Vaccaro AR, Weinstein MS, Kepler CK. The effect of increased T2 signal intensity in the spinal cord on the injury severity and early neurological recovery in patients with central cord syndrome. J Neurosurg Spine. 2016 May; 24(5):792-6. PMID: 26745351.
      Citations:    
    138. Hu Y, Dong WX, Kepler CK, Yuan ZS, Sun XY, Zhang J, Xie H. A Novel Anterior Odontoid Screw Plate for C1-C3 Internal Fixation: An In Vitro Biomechanical Study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Jan; 41(2):E64-72. PMID: 26555834.
      Citations:    
    139. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Vaccaro AR, Hsu WK, Patel AA, Savage JW. Rationale for the Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Nov; 40(21):E1161-6. PMID: 26274525.
      Citations:    
    140. Schroeder GD, Kurd MF, Kepler CK, Arnold PM, Vaccaro AR. Postoperative Epidural Hematomas in the Lumbar Spine. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2015 Nov; 28(9):313-8. PMID: 26484502.
      Citations:    
    141. Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Chen E, Patel AA, Ahn H, Nassr A, Shaffrey CI, Harrop J, Schroeder GD, Agarwala A, Dvorak MF, Fourney DR, Wood KB, Traynelis VC, Yoon ST, Fehlings MG, Aarabi B. Treatment of isolated cervical facet fractures: a systematic review. J Neurosurg Spine. 2015 Oct 30; 1-8. PMID: 26516667.
      Citations:    
    142. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Koerner JD, Chapman JR, Bellabarba C, Oner FC, Reinhold M, Dvorak MF, Aarabi B, Vialle L, Fehlings MG, Rajasekaran S, Kandziora F, Schnake KJ, Vaccaro AR. Is there a regional difference in morphology interpretation of A3 and A4 fractures among different cultures? J Neurosurg Spine. 2015 Oct 09; 1-8. PMID: 26451663.
      Citations:    
    143. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Paul JT, Rubenstein RN, Harrop JS, Brodke DS, Chapman JR, Vaccaro AR. A Systematic Review of the Treatment of Geriatric Type II Odontoid Fractures. Neurosurgery. 2015 Oct; 77 Suppl 4:S6-S14. PMID: 26378359.
      Citations:    
    144. Hanaei S, Abdollahzade S, Khoshnevisan A, Kepler CK, Rezaei N. Genetic aspects of intervertebral disc degeneration. Rev Neurosci. 2015 Oct 1; 26(5):581-606. PMID: 25996483.
      Citations:    
    145. Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Koerner JD, Vialle LR, Aarabi B, Rajasekaran S, Bellabarba C, Chapman JR, Kandziora F, Schnake KJ, Dvorak MF, Reinhold M, Oner FC. The Thoracolumbar AOSpine Injury Score. Global Spine J. 2016 Jun; 6(4):329-34. PMID: 27190734.
      Citations:    
    146. Kepler CK, Markova DZ, Koerner JD, Mendelis J, Chen CM, Vaccaro AR, Risbud MV, Albert TJ, Anderson DG. Substance P Receptor Antagonist Suppresses Inflammatory Cytokine Expression in Human Disc Cells. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Aug 15; 40(16):1261-9. PMID: 25929203.
      Citations:    
    147. Kurd MF, Millhouse PW, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Lateral Mass Fixation in the Subaxial Cervical Spine. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2015 Aug; 28(7):259-63. PMID: 26049972.
      Citations:    
    148. Kepler CK, Kong C, Schroeder GD, Hjelm N, Sayadipour A, Vaccaro AR, Anderson DG. Early outcome and predictors of early outcome in patients treated surgically for central cord syndrome. J Neurosurg Spine. 2015 Oct; 23(4):490-4. PMID: 26161520.
      Citations:    
    149. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Mba MD, Vaccaro AR. Axial interbody arthrodesis of the L5-S1 segment: a systematic review of the literature. J Neurosurg Spine. 2015 Sep; 23(3):314-9. PMID: 26068275.
      Citations:    
    150. Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Cumhur Oner F, Vialle LR, Kandziora F, Koerner JD, Kurd MF, Reinhold M, Schnake KJ, Chapman J, Aarabi B, Fehlings MG, Dvorak MF. The surgical algorithm for the AOSpine thoracolumbar spine injury classification system. Eur Spine J. 2016 Apr; 25(4):1087-94. PMID: 25953527.
      Citations:    
    151. Kepler CK, Vroome C, Goldfarb M, Nyirjesy S, Millhouse P, Lonjon G, Koerner JD, Harrop J, Vialle LR, Vaccaro AR. Variation in the management of thoracolumbar trauma and postoperative infection. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2015 May; 28(4):E212-8. PMID: 25393665.
      Citations:    
    152. Schroeder GD, Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK, Koerner JD, Oner FC, Dvorak MF, Vialle LR, Aarabi B, Bellabarba C, Fehlings MG, Schnake KJ, Kandziora F. Establishing the Injury Severity of Thoracolumbar Trauma: Confirmation of the Hierarchical Structure of the AOSpine Thoracolumbar Spine Injury Classification System. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Apr 15; 40(8):E498-503. PMID: 25868104.
      Citations:    
    153. Martin ND, Kepler C, Zubair M, Sayadipour A, Cohen M, Weinstein M. Increased mean arterial pressure goals after spinal cord injury and functional outcome. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2015 Apr-Jun; 8(2):94-8. PMID: 25949039.
      Citations:    
    154. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Koerner JD, Oner FC, Fehlings MG, Aarabi B, Schnake KJ, Rajasekaran S, Kandziora F, Vialle LR, Vaccaro AR. Can a Thoracolumbar Injury Severity Score Be Uniformly Applied from T1 to L5 or Are Modifications Necessary? Global Spine J. 2015 Aug; 5(4):339-45. PMID: 26225284.
      Citations:    
    155. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Koerner JD, Oner FC, Fehlings MG, Aarabi B, Dvorak MF, Reinhold M, Kandziora F, Bellabarba C, Chapman JR, Vialle LR, Vaccaro AR. A Worldwide Analysis of the Reliability and Perceived Importance of an Injury to the Posterior Ligamentous Complex in AO Type A Fractures. Global Spine J. 2015 Oct; 5(5):378-82. PMID: 26430591.
      Citations:    
    156. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Hjelm N, Vaccaro AR, Weinstein MS. The effect of vertebral fracture on the early neurologic recovery in patients with central cord syndrome. Eur Spine J. 2015 May; 24(5):985-9. PMID: 25749728.
      Citations:    
    157. Vaccaro AR, Koerner JD, Radcliff KE, Oner FC, Reinhold M, Schnake KJ, Kandziora F, Fehlings MG, Dvorak MF, Aarabi B, Rajasekaran S, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Vialle LR. AOSpine subaxial cervical spine injury classification system. Eur Spine J. 2016 Jul; 25(7):2173-84. PMID: 25716661.
      Citations:    
    158. Kepler C. Epidural injections with glucocorticoid and lidocaine for spinal stenosis did not confer additional benefit compared with lidocaine alone. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Feb 18; 97(4):342. PMID: 25695988.
      Citations:    
    159. Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Koerner JD, Dvorak MF, Kandziora F, Rajasekaran S, Aarabi B, Vialle LR, Fehlings MG, Schroeder GD, Reinhold M, Schnake KJ, Bellabarba C, Cumhur Öner F. Reliability analysis of the AOSpine thoracolumbar spine injury classification system by a worldwide group of naïve spinal surgeons. Eur Spine J. 2016 Apr; 25(4):1082-6. PMID: 25599849.
      Citations:    
    160. Koerner JD, Markova DZ, Yadla S, Mendelis J, Hilibrand A, Vaccaro AR, Risbud MV, Albert TJ, Anderson DG, Kepler CK. Differential gene expression in anterior and posterior annulus fibrosus. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Nov 1; 39(23):1917-23. PMID: 25365709.
      Citations:    
    161. Radcliff KE, Neusner AD, Millhouse PW, Harrop JD, Kepler CK, Rasouli MR, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR. What is new in the diagnosis and prevention of spine surgical site infections. Spine J. 2015 Feb 1; 15(2):336-47. PMID: 25264181.
      Citations:    
    162. Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Anderson DG, Rihn JA, Albert TJ, Radcliff KE. National trends in the use of fusion techniques to treat degenerative spondylolisthesis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Sep 1; 39(19):1584-9. PMID: 24979276.
      Citations:    
    163. Koerner JD, Kepler CK, Albert TJ. Revision surgery for failed cervical spine reconstruction: review article. HSS J. 2015 Feb; 11(1):2-8. PMID: 25737662.
      Citations:    
    164. Hu Y, Yuan ZS, Kepler CK, Albert TJ, Yuan JB, Dong WX, Sun XY, Wang CT. Deviation analysis of c1-c2 transarticular screw placement assisted by a novel rapid prototyping drill template: a cadaveric study. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2014 Jul; 27(5):E181-6. PMID: 24525747.
      Citations:    
    165. Radcliff KE, Kepler CK, Maaieh M, Anderson DG, Rihn J, Albert T, Vaccaro A, Hilibrand A. What is the Rate of Lumbar Adjacent Segment Disease after Percutaneous versus Open Fusion? Orthop Surg. 2014 May; 6(2):118-20. PMID: 24890293.
      Citations:    
    166. Hu Y, Yuan ZS, Kepler CK, Albert TJ, Xie H, Yuan JB, Dong WX, Wang CT. Deviation analysis of atlantoaxial pedicle screws assisted by a drill template. Orthopedics. 2014 May 1; 37(5):e420-7. PMID: 24810817.
      Citations:    
    167. Kepler CK, Hilibrand AS, Sayadipour A, Koerner JD, Rihn JA, Radcliff KE, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Anderson DG. Clinical and radiographic degenerative spondylolisthesis (CARDS) classification. Spine J. 2015 Aug 1; 15(8):1804-11. PMID: 24704503.
      Citations:    
    168. Radcliff KE, Limthongkul W, Kepler CK, Sidhu GD, Anderson DG, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ. Cervical laminectomy width and spinal cord drift are risk factors for postoperative c5 palsy. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2014 Apr; 27(2):86-92. PMID: 22425890.
      Citations:    
    169. Hu Y, Albert TJ, Kepler CK, Ma WH, Yuan ZS, Dong WX. Unstable Jefferson fractures: Results of transoral osteosynthesis. Indian J Orthop. 2014 Mar; 48(2):145-51. PMID: 24741135.
      Citations:    
    170. Radcliff KE, Kepler CK, Hellman M, Restrepo C, Jung KA, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Parvizi J. Does spinal alignment influence acetabular orientation: a study of spinopelvic variables and sagittal acetabular version. Orthop Surg. 2014 Feb; 6(1):15-22. PMID: 24590988.
      Citations:    
    171. Tran CM, Schoepflin ZR, Markova DZ, Kepler CK, Anderson DG, Shapiro IM, Risbud MV. CCN2 Suppresses Catabolic Effects of Interleukin-1ß through a5ß1 and aVß3 Integrins in Nucleus Pulposus Cells: IMPLICATIONS IN INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION. J Biol Chem. 2014 Mar 14; 289(11):7374-87. PMID: 24464580.
      Citations:    
    172. Smith JS, Kepler CK, Kopjar B, Harrop JS, Arnold P, Chapman JR, Fehlings MG, Vaccaro AR, Shaffrey CI. Effect of Type II Odontoid Fracture Nonunion on Outcome Among Elderly Patients Treated Without Surgery: Based on the AOSpine North America Geriatric Odontoid Fracture Study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Dec 15; 38(26):2240-6. PMID: 24335630.
      Citations:    
    173. Vaccaro AR, Oner C, Kepler CK, Dvorak M, Schnake K, Bellabarba C, Reinhold M, Aarabi B, Kandziora F, Chapman J, Shanmuganathan R, Fehlings M, Vialle L. AOSpine thoracolumbar spine injury classification system: fracture description, neurological status, and key modifiers. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Nov 1; 38(23):2028-37. PMID: 23970107.
      Citations:    
    174. Kepler CK, Markova DZ, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Risbud MV, Albert TJ, Anderson DG. Substance P stimulates production of inflammatory cytokines in human disc cells. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Oct 1; 38(21):E1291-9. PMID: 23873242.
      Citations:    
    175. Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR, Dibra F, Anderson DG, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Harrop JS, Albert TJ, Radcliff KE. Neurologic injury because of trauma after Type II odontoid nonunion. Spine J. 2014 Jun 1; 14(6):903-8. PMID: 24080191.
      Citations:    
    176. Ponzio DY, Vaccaro AR, Harrop JS, Ponzio RJ, Kepler CK, Meredith D. Vertebral Artery Pseudoaneurysm Resulting in Embolic Stroke as a Complication of Posterior C1 Lateral Mass Screw Fixation: A Case Report. JBJS Case Connect. 2013 Sep 25; 3(3 Suppl 9):e931-5. PMID: 29252338.
      Citations:    
    177. Radcliff KE, Rasouli MR, Neusner A, Kepler CK, Albert TJ, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. Preoperative delay of more than 1 hour increases the risk of surgical site infection. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jul 1; 38(15):1318-23. PMID: 23459132.
      Citations:    
    178. Radcliff KE, Kepler CK, Jakoi A, Sidhu GS, Rihn J, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS. Adjacent segment disease in the lumbar spine following different treatment interventions. Spine J. 2013 Oct; 13(10):1339-49. PMID: 23773433.
      Citations:    
    179. Gruskay J, Smith J, Kepler CK, Radcliff K, Albert T, Vaccaro A, Harrop J. Response. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Jun; 18(6):661-2. PMID: 23866377.
      Citations:    
    180. Kepler CK, Markova DZ, Dibra F, Yadla S, Vaccaro AR, Risbud MV, Albert TJ, Anderson DG. Expression and Relationship of Proinflammatory Chemokine RANTES/CCL5 and Cytokine IL-1ß in Painful Human Intervertebral Discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 May 15; 38(11):873-80. PMID: 23660804.
      Citations:    
    181. Sidhu GS, Kepler CK, Savage KE, Eachus B, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR. Neurological deficit due to cement extravasation following a vertebral augmentation procedure. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Jul; 19(1):61-70. PMID: 23641675.
      Citations:    
    182. Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK, Kopjar B, Chapman J, Shaffrey C, Arnold P, Gokaslan Z, Brodke D, France J, Dekutoski M, Sasso R, Yoon ST, Bono C, Harrop J, Fehlings MG. Functional and Quality-of-Life Outcomes in Geriatric Patients with Type-II Dens Fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Apr 17; 95(8):729-35. PMID: 23595072.
      Citations:    
    183. Radcliff K, Curry P, Hilibrand A, Kepler C, Lurie J, Zhao W, Albert TJ, Weinstein J. Risk for Adjacent Segment and Same Segment Reoperation After Surgery for Lumbar Stenosis: A Subgroup Analysis of the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Apr 1; 38(7):531-9. PMID: 23154835.
      Citations:    
    184. Radcliff K, Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Response to Drs. Joaquim and Patel. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Mar; 18(3):315. PMID: 23577357.
      Citations:    
    185. Radcliff K, Kepler C, Hilibrand A, Rihn J, Zhao W, Lurie J, Tosteson T, Vaccaro A, Albert T, Weinstein J. Epidural steroid injections are associated with less improvement in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: a subgroup analysis of the spine patient outcomes research trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Feb 15; 38(4):279-91. PMID: 23238485.
      Citations:    
    186. Kepler CK, Ponnappan RK, Tannoury CA, Risbud MV, Anderson DG. The molecular basis of intervertebral disc degeneration. Spine J. 2013 Mar; 13(3):318-30. PMID: 23537454.
      Citations:    
    187. Mlyavykh S, Ludwig SC, Mobasser JP, Kepler CK, Anderson DG. Twelve-month results of a clinical pilot study utilizing pedicle-lengthening osteotomy for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Apr; 18(4):347-55. PMID: 23373562.
      Citations:    
    188. Hu Y, Kepler CK, Albert TJ, Yuan ZS, Ma WH, Gu YJ, Xu RM. Accuracy and complications associated with the freehand C-1 lateral mass screw fixation technique: a radiographic and clinical assessment. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Apr; 18(4):372-7. PMID: 23373564.
      Citations:    
    189. Meredith DS, Kepler CK, Huang RC, Hegde VV. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF) in the Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Spine: Technical Report and Early Outcomes. HSS J. 2013 Feb; 9(1):25-31. PMID: 24426841.
      Citations:    
    190. Markova DZ, Kepler CK, Addya S, Murray HB, Vaccaro AR, Shapiro IM, Anderson DG, Albert TJ, Risbud MV. An organ culture system to model early degenerative changes of the intervertebral disc II: profiling global gene expression changes. Arthritis Res Ther. 2013; 15(5):R121. PMID: 24171898.
      Citations:    
    191. Kepler CK, Yu AL, Gruskay JA, Delasotta LA, Radcliff KE, Rihn JA, Hilibrand AS, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR. Comparison of open and minimally invasive techniques for posterior lumbar instrumentation and fusion after open anterior lumbar interbody fusion. Spine J. 2013 May; 13(5):489-97. PMID: 23218509.
      Citations:    
    192. Kepler CK, Pavlov H, Kim HJ, Green DW, Rawlins BA. Preoperative templating before spinal fusion using a fluoroscopic multiplanar imaging system is as accurate as CT scan and uses substantially less radiation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Dec; 32(8):e67-71. PMID: 23147634.
      Citations:    
    193. Kepler CK, Pavlov H, Herzog RJ, Rawlins BA, Endo Y, Green DW. Comparison of a Fluoroscopic 3-Dimensional Imaging System and Conventional CT in Detection of Pars Fractures in the Cadaveric Lumbar Spine. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2012 Dec; 25(8):429-32. PMID: 22143044.
      Citations:    
    194. Hegde V, Meredith DS, Kepler CK, Huang RC. Management of postoperative spinal infections. World J Orthop. 2012 Nov 18; 3(11):182-9. PMID: 23330073.
      Citations:    
    195. Gruskay J, Smith J, Kepler CK, Radcliff K, Harrop J, Albert T, Vaccaro A. The seasonality of postoperative infection in spine surgery. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Jan; 18(1):57-62. PMID: 23121653.
      Citations:    
    196. Wu Q, Wang J, Skubutyte R, Kepler CK, Huang Z, Anderson DG, Shapiro IM, Risbud MV. Smad3 controls ß-1,3-glucuronosyltransferase 1 expression in rat nucleus pulposus cells: implications of dysregulated expression in disc disease. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Oct; 64(10):3324-33. PMID: 22674034.
      Citations:    
    197. Sayadipour A, Mago R, Kepler CK, Chambliss RB, Certa KM, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Anderson DG. Antidepressants and the risk of abnormal bleeding during spinal surgery: a case–control study. Eur Spine J. 2012 Oct; 21(10):2070-8. PMID: 22290783.
      Citations:    
    198. Kepler CK, Wilkinson SM, Radcliff KE, Vaccaro AR, Anderson DG, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Rihn JA. Cost-utility analysis in spine care: a systematic review. Spine J. 2012 Aug; 12(8):676-90. PMID: 22784806.
      Citations:    
    199. Vaccaro AR, Kepler CK, Rihn JA, Suzuki H, Ratliff JK, Harrop JS, Morrison WB, Limthongkul W, Albert TJ. Anatomical relationships of the anterior blood vessels to the lower lumbar intervertebral discs: analysis based on magnetic resonance imaging of patients in the prone position. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Jun 20; 94(12):1088-94. PMID: 22717827.
      Citations:    
    200. Radcliff K, Su BW, Kepler CK, Rubin T, Shimer AL, Rihn JA, Harrop JA, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR. Correlation of posterior ligamentous complex injury and neurological injury to loss of vertebral body height, kyphosis, and canal compromise. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Jun 1; 37(13):1142-50. PMID: 22146278.
      Citations:    
    201. Radcliff K, Kepler C, Reitman C, Harrop J, Vaccaro A. CT and MRI-based diagnosis of craniocervical dislocations: the role of the occipitoatlantal ligament. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012 Jun; 470(6):1602-13. PMID: 22033875.
      Citations:    
    202. Gruskay J, Kepler C, Smith J, Radcliff K, Vaccaro A. Is surgical case order associated with increased infection rate after spine surgery? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Jun 1; 37(13):1170-4. PMID: 22089398.
      Citations:    
    203. Meredith DS, Kepler CK, Hirsch B, Nguyen J, Farmer JC, Girardi FP, O'Leary PF, Cammisa FP. The effect of omega-3 fatty-acid supplements on perioperative bleeding following posterior spinal arthrodesis. Eur Spine J. 2012 Dec; 21(12):2659-63. PMID: 22581258.
      Citations:    
    204. Kepler CK, Rihn JA, Bennett JD, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS. Dysphagia and soft-tissue swelling after anterior cervical surgery: a radiographic analysis. Spine J. 2012 Aug; 12(8):639-44. PMID: 22561176.
      Citations:    
    205. Kepler CK, Huang RC, Sharma AK, Meredith DS, Metitiri O, Sama AA, Girardi FP, Cammisa FP. Factors influencing segmental lumbar lordosis after lateral transpsoas interbody fusion. Orthop Surg. 2012 May; 4(2):71-5. PMID: 22615150.
      Citations:    
    206. Kepler CK, Huang RC, Meredith D, Kim JH, Sharma AK. Omega-3 and fish oil supplements do not cause increased bleeding during spinal decompression surgery. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2012 May; 25(3):129-32. PMID: 21423055.
      Citations:    
    207. Radcliff K, Kepler CK, Rubin TA, Maaieh M, Hilibrand AS, Harrop J, Rihn JA, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR. Does the load-sharing classification predict ligamentous injury, neurological injury, and the need for surgery in patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures?: Clinical article. J Neurosurg Spine. 2012 Jun; 16(6):534-8. PMID: 22482423.
      Citations:    
    208. Kepler CK, Vaccaro AR. Injuries and abnormalities of the cervical spine and return to play criteria. Clin Sports Med. 2012 Jul; 31(3):499-508. PMID: 22657998.
      Citations:    
    209. Nam D, Maak TG, Raphael BS, Kepler CK, Cross MB, Warren RF. Rotator cuff tear arthropathy: evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment: AAOS exhibit selection. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Mar 21; 94(6):e34. PMID: 22438007.
      Citations:    
    210. Kepler CK, Rihn JA, Radcliff KE, Patel AA, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ. Restoration of lordosis and disk height after single-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Orthop Surg. 2012 Feb; 4(1):15-20. PMID: 22290814.
      Citations:    
    211. Kepler CK, Meredith DS, Green DW, Widmann RF. Long-term outcomes after posterior spine fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012 Feb; 24(1):68-75. PMID: 22157365.
      Citations:    
    212. Kepler CK, Brodt ED, Dettori JR, Albert TJ. Cervical artificial disc replacement versus fusion in the cervical spine: a systematic review comparing multilevel versus single-level surgery. Evid Based Spine Care J. 2012 Feb; 3(S1):19-30. PMID: 23236310.
      Citations:    
    213. Kepler CK, Sharma AK, Huang RC, Meredith DS, Girardi FP, Cammisa FP, Sama AA. Indirect foraminal decompression after lateral transpsoas interbody fusion. J Neurosurg Spine. 2012 Apr; 16(4):329-33. PMID: 22284229.
      Citations:    
    214. Meredith DS, Kepler CK, Huang RC, Brause BD, Boachie-Adjei O. Postoperative infections of the lumbar spine: presentation and management. Int Orthop. 2012 Feb; 36(2):439-44. PMID: 22159548.
      Citations:    
    215. Anderson DG, Limthongkul W, Sayadipour A, Kepler CK, Harrop JS, Maltenfort M, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand A, Rihn JA, Albert TJ. A radiographic analysis of degenerative spondylolisthesis at the L4-5 level. J Neurosurg Spine. 2012 Feb; 16(2):130-4. PMID: 22117143.
      Citations:    
    216. Green DW, Lawhorne TW, Widmann RF, Kepler CK, Ahern C, Mintz DN, Rawlins BA, Burke SW, Boachie-Adjei O. Long-term magnetic resonance imaging follow-up demonstrates minimal transitional level lumbar disc degeneration after posterior spine fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Nov 1; 36(23):1948-54. PMID: 21289549.
      Citations:    
    217. Huang RC, Meredith DS, Kepler CK, Tropiano P. Salvage of lumbar pseudarthrosis with customized large-diameter pedicle screws: report of two cases. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Oct 15; 36(22):E1489-92. PMID: 21358490.
      Citations:    
    218. Kepler CK, Hilibrand AS. Management of adjacent segment disease after cervical spinal fusion. Orthop Clin North Am. 2012 Jan; 43(1):53-62, viii. PMID: 22082629.
      Citations:    
    219. Kepler CK, Anderson DG, Tannoury C, Ponnappan RK. Intervertebral disk degeneration and emerging biologic treatments. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011 Sep; 19(9):543-53. PMID: 21885700.
      Citations:    
    220. Radcliff KE, Kepler CK, Delasotta LA, Rihn JA, Harrop JS, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR. Current management review of thoracolumbar cord syndromes. Spine J. 2011 Sep; 11(9):884-92. PMID: 21889419.
      Citations:    
    221. Kepler CK, Sharma AK, Huang RC. Lateral transpsoas interbody fusion (LTIF) with plate fixation and unilateral pedicle screws: a preliminary report. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2011 Aug; 24(6):363-7. PMID: 21150668.
      Citations:    
    222. Sharma AK, Kepler CK, Girardi FP, Cammisa FP, Huang RC, Sama AA. Lateral lumbar interbody fusion: clinical and radiographic outcomes at 1 year: a preliminary report. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2011 Jun; 24(4):242-50. PMID: 20844451.
      Citations:    
    223. Kepler CK, Vacaro AR. Skipped pedicle screws. J Neurosurg Spine. 2011 Aug; 15(2):144-5; discussion 145. PMID: 21568652.
      Citations:    
    224. Aversano F, Kepler CK, Blanco JS, Green DW. Rare cause of block to reduction after radial head dislocation in children. J Orthop Trauma. 2011 Apr; 25(4):e38-41. PMID: 21399463.
      Citations:    
    225. Thomas A, Kepler CK, Meyers K, Green DW, Wright TM, Rawlins BA. The effect of sacral decortication on lumbosacral fixation in a calf spine model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Mar 15; 36(6):E388-92. PMID: 21270709.
      Citations:    
    226. Kepler CK, Bogner EA, Hammoud S, Malcolmson G, Potter HG, Green DW. Zone of injury of the medial patellofemoral ligament after acute patellar dislocation in children and adolescents. Am J Sports Med. 2011 Jul; 39(7):1444-9. PMID: 21372313.
      Citations:    
    227. Kepler CK, Huang RC, Meredith D, Cunningham M, Boachie-Adjei O. Delayed pleural effusion after anterior thoracic spinal fusion using bone morphogenetic protein-2. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Mar 1; 36(5):E365-9. PMID: 21270708.
      Citations:    
    228. Kim HJ, Kepler C, Cunningham M, Rawlins B, Boachie-Adjei O. Pulmonary embolism in spine surgery: a comparison of combined anterior/posterior approach versus posterior approach surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jan 15; 36(2):177-9. PMID: 20508550.
      Citations:    
    229. Yoshihara H, Kepler C, Hasegawa K, Rawlins BA. Surgical treatment for atlantooccipital osteoarthritis: a case report of two patients. Eur Spine J. 2011 Jul; 20 Suppl 2:S243-7. PMID: 21125298.
      Citations:    
    230. Cross MB, Sherman SL, Kepler CK, Neviaser AS, Weiland AJ. The evolution of elbow arthroplasty: innovative solutions to complex clinical problems. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Dec; 92 Suppl 2:98-104. PMID: 21189246.
      Citations:    
    231. Kepler CK, Bogner EA, Herzog RJ, Huang RC. Anatomy of the psoas muscle and lumbar plexus with respect to the surgical approach for lateral transpsoas interbody fusion. Eur Spine J. 2011 Apr; 20(4):550-6. PMID: 20938787.
      Citations:    
    232. Nam D, Kepler CK, Nho SJ, Craig EV, Warren RF, Wright TM. Observations on retrieved humeral polyethylene components from reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010 Oct; 19(7):1003-12. PMID: 20846620.
      Citations:    
    233. Dua K, Kepler CK, Huang RC, Marchenko A. Vertebral body fracture after anterolateral instrumentation and interbody fusion in two osteoporotic patients. Spine J. 2010 Sep; 10(9):e11-5. PMID: 20797649.
      Citations:    
    234. Kepler CK, Rawlins BA. Mesh cage reconstruction with autologous cancellous graft in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010 Jul; 23(5):328-32. PMID: 20087220.
      Citations:    
    235. Kepler CK, Kummer JL, Lorich DG, Weiland AJ. Radiocapitellar prosthetic arthroplasty for capitellar nonunion. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010 Mar; 19(2):e13-7. PMID: 19836977.
      Citations:    
    236. Kepler CK, Nho SJ, Bansal M, Ala OL, Craig EV, Wright TM, Warren RF. Radiographic and histopathologic analysis of osteolysis after total shoulder arthroplasty. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010 Jun; 19(4):588-95. PMID: 20036583.
      Citations:    
    237. Kepler CK, Nho SJ, Ala OL, Craig EV, Wright TM, Warren RF. Comparison of early and delayed failed total shoulder arthroplasty. Acta Orthop Belg. 2009 Jun; 75(3):297-305. PMID: 19681313.
      Citations:    
    238. Ghelman B, Kepler CK, Lyman S, Della Valle AG. CT outperforms radiography for determination of acetabular cup version after THA. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009 Sep; 467(9):2362-70. PMID: 19277802.
      Citations:    
    239. Kepler CK, Nho SJ, Miller AN, Barie PS, Lyden JP. Orthopaedic injuries associated with fall from floor forty-seven. J Orthop Trauma. 2009 Feb; 23(2):154-8. PMID: 19169110.
      Citations:    
    240. Wang IE, Shan J, Choi R, Oh S, Kepler CK, Chen FH, Lu HH. Role of osteoblast-fibroblast interactions in the formation of the ligament-to-bone interface. J Orthop Res. 2007 Dec; 25(12):1609-20. PMID: 17676622.
      Citations:    
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