Thomas S Buchanan

TitleGeorge W. Laird Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Delaware
DepartmentMechanical Engineering
Address130 Academy St.
Newark DE 19716
Phone302-831-2410
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    Other Positions
    TitleDirector
    InstitutionUniversity of Delaware
    DepartmentDelaware Rehabilitation Institute

    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionUniversity of Delaware
    DepartmentBiomedical Engineering


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    R29AR040408     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS S)Apr 1, 1990 - Mar 31, 1996
    NIH/NIAMS
    BIOMECHANICS OF MUSCLE CONTROL DURING STATIC POSTURES
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AR040408     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS S)Apr 20, 1992 - Aug 31, 2000
    NIH/NIAMS
    NEURAL AND BIOMECHANICAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO ARM MOVEMENT
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01DK046374     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS A)Jun 1, 1993 - May 31, 2008
    NIH/NIDDK
    Pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes in Latino Women
    Role: Principal Investigator

    S15AR042400     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS S)Sep 1, 1993 - Aug 31, 1994
    NIH/NIAMS
    SMALL INSTRUMENTATION GRANT
    Role: Principal Investigator

    S15NS033750     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS S)Sep 1, 1994 - Aug 31, 1995
    NIH/NINDS
    SMALL INSTRUMENTATION GRANT
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AR046386     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS S)Jun 1, 1999 - May 31, 2005
    NIH/NIAMS
    ACL Injured Knee: MRI and Biomechanical Modeling
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HD038582     (BINDER-MACLEOD, STUART A.)Aug 7, 2002 - Jul 31, 2014
    NIH/NICHD
    Robotic Exoskeletons, FES, and Biomechanics: Treating Movement Disorders
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    P20RR016458     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS S)Aug 13, 2009 - Sep 30, 2011
    NIH/NCRR
    COBRE for Women in Science &Engineering on Osteoarthritis
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P30GM103333     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS S)Aug 1, 2012 - Apr 30, 2017
    NIH/NIGMS
    Osteoarthritis: Prevention and Treatment
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HD087459     (BUCHANAN, THOMAS S)Apr 1, 2016 - Jan 31, 2021
    NIH/NICHD
    ACL Reconstructed Knee: qMRI and Biomechanical Modeling
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Arhos EK, Capin JJ, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Quadriceps Strength Symmetry Does Not Modify Gait Mechanics After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction, Rehabilitation, and Return-to-Sport Training. Am J Sports Med. 2020 Dec 29; 363546520980079. PMID: 33373534.
      Citations:    
    2. Ito N, Capin JJ, Arhos EK, Khandha A, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Sex and mechanism of injury influence knee joint loading symmetry during gait 6 months after ACLR. J Orthop Res. 2020 Aug 06. PMID: 32761919.
      Citations:    
    3. Na A, Buchanan TS. Validating wearable sensors using self-reported instability among patients with knee osteoarthritis. PM R. 2020 May 01. PMID: 32358908.
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    4. Wellsandt E, Khandha A, Capin J, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Operative and nonoperative management of anterior cruciate ligament injury: Differences in gait biomechanics at 5 years. J Orthop Res. 2020 Mar 11. PMID: 32159239.
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    5. Lanier AS, Knarr BA, Stergiou N, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. ACL injury and reconstruction affect control of ground reaction forces produced during a novel task that simulates cutting movements. J Orthop Res. 2020 Jan 23. PMID: 31971281.
      Citations:    
    6. Capin JJ, Williams JR, Neal K, Khandha A, Durkee L, Ito N, Stefanik JJ, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Slower Walking Speed Is Related to Early Femoral Trochlear Cartilage Degradation After ACL Reconstruction. J Orthop Res. 2019 Nov 10. PMID: 31710115.
      Citations:    
    7. Capin JJ, Khandha A, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Partial medial meniscectomy leads to altered walking mechanics two years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Meniscal repair does not. Gait Posture. 2019 Aug 27; 74:87-93. PMID: 31491565.
      Citations:    
    8. Capin JJ, Zarzycki R, Ito N, Khandha A, Dix C, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Gait Mechanics in Women of the ACL-SPORTS Randomized Control Trial: Interlimb Symmetry Improves Over Time Regardless of Treatment Group. J Orthop Res. 2019 May 01. PMID: 31042301.
      Citations:    
    9. Na A, Buchanan TS. Self-reported walking difficulty and knee osteoarthritis influences limb dynamics and muscle co-contraction during gait. Hum Mov Sci. 2018 Nov 15. PMID: 30448202.
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    10. Khandha A, Manal K, Capin J, Wellsandt E, Marmon A, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. High muscle co-contraction does not result in high joint forces during gait in anterior cruciate ligament deficient knees. J Orthop Res. 2018 Sep 19. PMID: 30230006.
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    11. Lanier AS, Knarr BA, Stergiou N, Buchanan TS. A Novel and Safe Approach to Simulate Cutting Movements Using Ground Reaction Forces. Sensors (Basel). 2018 Aug 11; 18(8). PMID: 30103484.
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    12. Wexler DJ, Powe CE, Barbour LA, Buchanan T, Coustan DR, Corcoy R, Damm P, Dunne F, Feig DS, Ferrara A, Harper LM, Landon MB, Meltzer SJ, Metzger BE, Roeder H, Rowan JA, Sacks DA, Simmons D, Umans JG, Catalano PM. Research Gaps in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Executive Summary of a National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Workshop. Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Aug; 132(2):496-505. PMID: 29995731.
      Citations:    
    13. Capin JJ, Khandha A, Zarzycki R, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Gait Mechanics After ACL Reconstruction Differ According to Medial Meniscal Treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Jul 18; 100(14):1209-1216. PMID: 30020126.
      Citations:    
    14. Capin JJ, Khandha A, Zarzycki R, Arundale AJH, Ziegler ML, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Gait mechanics and tibiofemoral loading in men of the ACL-SPORTS randomized control trial. J Orthop Res. 2018 Mar 25. PMID: 29575090.
      Citations:    
    15. Na A, Piva SR, Buchanan TS. Influences of knee osteoarthritis and walking difficulty on knee kinematics and kinetics. Gait Posture. 2018 Mar; 61:439-444. PMID: 29477961.
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    16. Kempski K, Awad LN, Buchanan TS, Higginson JS, Knarr BA. Dynamic structure of lower limb joint angles during walking post-stroke. J Biomech. 2018 Feb 08; 68:1-5. PMID: 29325901.
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    17. Suydam SM, Cortes DH, Axe MJ, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Semitendinosus Tendon for ACL Reconstruction: Regrowth and Mechanical Property Recovery. Orthop J Sports Med. 2017 Jun; 5(6):2325967117712944. PMID: 28680900.
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    18. Suydam SM, Manal K, Buchanan TS. The Advantages of Normalizing Electromyography to Ballistic Rather than Isometric or Isokinetic Tasks. J Appl Biomech. 2017 Jul; 33(3):189-196. PMID: 27918690.
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    19. Capin JJ, Khandha A, Zarzycki R, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Gait mechanics and second ACL rupture: Implications for delaying return-to-sport. J Orthop Res. 2016 Nov 09. PMID: 27859527.
      Citations:    
    20. Wellsandt E, Khandha A, Manal K, Axe MJ, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Predictors of knee joint loading after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Res. 2016 Oct 17. PMID: 27747918.
      Citations:    
    21. Khandha A, Manal K, Wellsandt E, Capin J, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Gait mechanics in those with/without medial compartment knee osteoarthritis 5 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Res. 2017 Mar; 35(3):625-633. PMID: 27082166.
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    22. Robbins AK, Mateson AB, Khandha A, Pugarelli JE, Buchanan TS, Akins RE, Barthold JS. Fetal Rat Gubernaculum Mesenchymal Cells Adopt Myogenic and Myofibroblast-Like Phenotypes. J Urol. 2016 Jul; 196(1):270-8. PMID: 26748163.
      Citations:    
    23. Wellsandt E, Gardinier ES, Manal K, Axe MJ, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Decreased Knee Joint Loading Associated With Early Knee Osteoarthritis After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. Am J Sports Med. 2016 Jan; 44(1):143-51. PMID: 26493337.
      Citations:    
    24. Suydam SM, Soulas EM, Elliott DM, Silbernagel KG, Buchanan TS, Cortes DH. Viscoelastic properties of healthy achilles tendon are independent of isometric plantar flexion strength and cross-sectional area. J Orthop Res. 2015 Jun; 33(6):926-31. PMID: 25882209.
      Citations:    
    25. Cortes DH, Suydam SM, Silbernagel KG, Buchanan TS, Elliott DM. Continuous Shear Wave Elastography: A New Method to Measure Viscoelastic Properties of Tendons in Vivo. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2015 Jun; 41(6):1518-29. PMID: 25796414.
      Citations:    
    26. Gardinier ES, Di Stasi S, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Knee Contact Force Asymmetries in Patients Who Failed Return-to-Sport Readiness Criteria 6 Months After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 2014 Dec; 42(12):2917-25. PMID: 25318940.
      Citations:    
    27. Ramsay JW, Buchanan TS, Higginson JS. Differences in Plantar Flexor Fascicle Length and Pennation Angle between Healthy and Poststroke Individuals and Implications for Poststroke Plantar Flexor Force Contributions. Stroke Res Treat. 2014; 2014:919486. PMID: 25147753.
      Citations:    
    28. Ramsay JW, Wessel MA, Buchanan TS, Higginson JS. Poststroke muscle architectural parameters of the tibialis anterior and the potential implications for rehabilitation of foot drop. Stroke Res Treat. 2014; 2014:948475. PMID: 25133011.
      Citations:    
    29. Gardinier ES, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Clinically-relevant measures associated with altered contact forces in patients with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2014 May; 29(5):531-6. PMID: 24746854.
      Citations:    
    30. Suydam SM, Buchanan TS. Is echogenicity a viable metric for evaluating tendon properties in vivo? J Biomech. 2014 Jun 3; 47(8):1806-9. PMID: 24726653.
      Citations:    
    31. Macleod TD, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Differences in neuromuscular control and quadriceps morphology between potential copers and noncopers following anterior cruciate ligament injury. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2014 Feb; 44(2):76-84. PMID: 24261930.
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    32. Manal K, Cowder JD, Buchanan TS. Subject-specific measures of Achilles tendon moment arm using ultrasound and video-based motion capture. Physiol Rep. 2013 Nov; 1(6):e00139. PMID: 24400141.
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    33. Knarr BA, Ramsay JW, Buchanan TS, Higginson JS, Binder-Macleod SA. Muscle volume as a predictor of maximum force generating ability in the plantar flexors post-stroke. Muscle Nerve. 2013 Dec; 48(6):971-6. PMID: 23494851.
      Citations:    
    34. Macleod TD, Manal K, Silbernagel KG, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Characteristics of human knee muscle coordination during isometric contractions in a standing posture: The effect of limb task. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2013 Dec; 23(6):1398-405. PMID: 23790392.
      Citations:    
    35. Macleod TD, Snyder-Mackler L, Axe MJ, Buchanan TS. Early regeneration determines long-term graft site morphology and function after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with semitendinosus-gracilis autograft: a case series. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2013 Jun; 8(3):256-68. PMID: 23772342.
      Citations:    
    36. Suydam SM, Buchanan TS, Manal K, Silbernagel KG. Compensatory muscle activation caused by tendon lengthening post-Achilles tendon rupture. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2015 Mar; 23(3):868-74. PMID: 23609529.
      Citations:    
    37. Gardinier ES, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Minimum detectable change for knee joint contact force estimates using an EMG-driven model. Gait Posture. 2013 Sep; 38(4):1051-3. PMID: 23601782.
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    38. Manal K, Buchanan TS. An electromyogram-driven musculoskeletal model of the knee to predict in vivo joint contact forces during normal and novel gait patterns. J Biomech Eng. 2013 Feb; 135(2):021014. PMID: 23445059.
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    39. Gardinier ES, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Altered loading in the injured knee after ACL rupture. J Orthop Res. 2013 Mar; 31(3):458-64. PMID: 23097309.
      Citations:    
    40. Gardinier ES, Manal K, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Gait and neuromuscular asymmetries after acute anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Aug; 44(8):1490-6. PMID: 22330021.
      Citations:    
    41. Higginson JS, Ramsay JW, Buchanan TS. Hybrid models of the neuromusculoskeletal system improve subject-specificity. Proc Inst Mech Eng H. 2012 Feb; 226(2):113-9. PMID: 22468463.
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    42. Manal K, Gravare-Silbernagel K, Buchanan TS. A Real-time EMG-driven Musculoskeletal Model of the Ankle. Multibody Syst Dyn. 2012 Aug; 28(1-2):169-180. PMID: 23419878.
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    43. Ramsay JW, Barrance PJ, Buchanan TS, Higginson JS. Paretic muscle atrophy and non-contractile tissue content in individual muscles of the post-stroke lower extremity. J Biomech. 2011 Nov 10; 44(16):2741-6. PMID: 21945568.
      Citations:    
    44. Petterson SC, Barrance P, Marmon AR, Handling T, Buchanan TS, Snyder-Mackler L. Time course of quad strength, area, and activation after knee arthroplasty and strength training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Feb; 43(2):225-31. PMID: 20543749.
      Citations:    
    45. Shao Q, MacLeod TD, Manal K, Buchanan TS. Estimation of ligament loading and anterior tibial translation in healthy and ACL-deficient knees during gait and the influence of increasing tibial slope using EMG-driven approach. Ann Biomed Eng. 2011 Jan; 39(1):110-21. PMID: 20683675.
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    46. Rao G, Berton E, Amarantini D, Vigouroux L, Buchanan TS. An EMG-driven biomechanical model that accounts for the decrease in moment generation capacity during a dynamic fatigued condition. J Biomech Eng. 2010 Jul; 132(7):071003. PMID: 20590281.
      Citations:    
    47. Manal K, Cowder JD, Buchanan TS. A hybrid method for computing achilles tendon moment arm using ultrasound and motion analysis. J Appl Biomech. 2010 May; 26(2):224-8. PMID: 20498494.
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    48. Gerus P, Rao G, Buchanan TS, Berton E. A clinically applicable model to estimate the opposing muscle groups contributions to isometric and dynamic tasks. Ann Biomed Eng. 2010 Jul; 38(7):2406-17. PMID: 20217479.
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    49. Shao Q, Bassett DN, Manal K, Buchanan TS. An EMG-driven model to estimate muscle forces and joint moments in stroke patients. Comput Biol Med. 2009 Dec; 39(12):1083-8. PMID: 19818436.
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    50. Shao Q, Buchanan TS. A biomechanical model to estimate corrective changes in muscle activation patterns for stroke patients. J Biomech. 2008 Oct 20; 41(14):3097-100. PMID: 18762296.
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    51. Manal K, Roberts DP, Buchanan TS. Can pennation angles be predicted from EMGs for the primary ankle plantar and dorsiflexors during isometric contractions? J Biomech. 2008 Aug 7; 41(11):2492-7. PMID: 18579147.
      Citations:    
    52. Petterson SC, Barrance P, Buchanan T, Binder-Macleod S, Snyder-Mackler L. Mechanisms underlying quadriceps weakness in knee osteoarthritis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008 Mar; 40(3):422-7. PMID: 18379202.
      Citations:    
    53. Barrance PJ, Williams GN, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Do ACL-injured copers exhibit differences in knee kinematics?: An MRI study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 Jan; 454:74-80. PMID: 17091013.
      Citations:    
    54. Manal K, Roberts DP, Buchanan TS. Optimal pennation angle of the primary ankle plantar and dorsiflexors: variations with sex, contraction intensity, and limb. J Appl Biomech. 2006 Nov; 22(4):255-63. PMID: 17293622.
      Citations:    
    55. Binder-Macleod BI, Buchanan TS. Tibialis anterior volumes and areas in ACL-injured limbs compared with unimpaired. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Sep; 38(9):1553-7. PMID: 16960514.
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    56. Barrance PJ, Williams GN, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Altered knee kinematics in ACL-deficient non-copers: a comparison using dynamic MRI. J Orthop Res. 2006 Feb; 24(2):132-40. PMID: 16435346.
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    57. Tate CM, Williams GN, Barrance PJ, Buchanan TS. Lower extremity muscle morphology in young athletes: an MRI-based analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Jan; 38(1):122-8. PMID: 16394964.
      Citations:    
    58. Buchanan TS, Lloyd DG, Manal K, Besier TF. Estimation of muscle forces and joint moments using a forward-inverse dynamics model. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Nov; 37(11):1911-6. PMID: 16286861.
      Citations:    
    59. Manal K, Buchanan TS. Use of an EMG-driven biomechanical model to study virtual injuries. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Nov; 37(11):1917-23. PMID: 16286862.
      Citations:    
    60. Lloyd DG, Buchanan TS, Besier TF. Neuromuscular biomechanical modeling to understand knee ligament loading. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Nov; 37(11):1939-47. PMID: 16286865.
      Citations:    
    61. Barrance PJ, Williams GN, Novotny JE, Buchanan TS. A method for measurement of joint kinematics in vivo by registration of 3-D geometric models with cine phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging data. J Biomech Eng. 2005 Oct; 127(5):829-37. PMID: 16248313.
      Citations:    
    62. Hunter DJ, Niu J, Zhang Y, Nevitt MC, Xu L, Lui LY, Yu W, Aliabadi P, Buchanan TS, Felson DT. Knee height, knee pain, and knee osteoarthritis: the Beijing Osteoarthritis Study. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 May; 52(5):1418-23. PMID: 15880346.
      Citations:    
    63. Williams GN, Snyder-Mackler L, Barrance PJ, Buchanan TS. Quadriceps femoris muscle morphology and function after ACL injury: a differential response in copers versus non-copers. J Biomech. 2005 Apr; 38(4):685-93. PMID: 15713288.
      Citations:    
    64. Williams GN, Snyder-Mackler L, Barrance PJ, Axe MJ, Buchanan TS. Neuromuscular function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with autologous semitendinosus-gracilis graft. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2005 Apr; 15(2):170-80. PMID: 15773040.
      Citations:    
    65. Williams GN, Buchanan TS, Barrance PJ, Axe MJ, Snyder-Mackler L. Quadriceps weakness, atrophy, and activation failure in predicted noncopers after anterior cruciate ligament injury. Am J Sports Med. 2005 Mar; 33(3):402-7. PMID: 15716256.
      Citations:    
    66. Buchanan TS, Lloyd DG, Manal K, Besier TF. Neuromusculoskeletal modeling: estimation of muscle forces and joint moments and movements from measurements of neural command. J Appl Biomech. 2004 Nov; 20(4):367-95. PMID: 16467928.
      Citations:    
    67. Williams GN, Snyder-Mackler L, Barrance PJ, Axe MJ, Buchanan TS. Muscle and tendon morphology after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with autologous semitendinosus-gracilis graft. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Sep; 86-A(9):1936-46. PMID: 15342756.
      Citations:    
    68. Williams GN, Barrance PJ, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Altered quadriceps control in people with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Jul; 36(7):1089-97. PMID: 15235310.
      Citations:    
    69. Williams DS, Davis IM, Scholz JP, Hamill J, Buchanan TS. High-arched runners exhibit increased leg stiffness compared to low-arched runners. Gait Posture. 2004 Jun; 19(3):263-9. PMID: 15125915.
      Citations:    
    70. Williams GN, Barrance PJ, Snyder-Mackler L, Axe MJ, Buchanan TS. Specificity of muscle action after anterior cruciate ligament injury. J Orthop Res. 2003 Nov; 21(6):1131-7. PMID: 14554229.
      Citations:    
    71. Manal K, Buchanan TS. A one-parameter neural activation to muscle activation model: estimating isometric joint moments from electromyograms. J Biomech. 2003 Aug; 36(8):1197-202. PMID: 12831746.
      Citations:    
    72. Wang L, Buchanan TS. Prediction of joint moments using a neural network model of muscle activations from EMG signals. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2002 Mar; 10(1):30-7. PMID: 12173737.
      Citations:    
    73. Manal K, Gonzalez RV, Lloyd DG, Buchanan TS. A real-time EMG-driven virtual arm. Comput Biol Med. 2002 Jan; 32(1):25-36. PMID: 11738638.
      Citations:    
    74. Murray WM, Buchanan TS, Delp SL. Scaling of peak moment arms of elbow muscles with upper extremity bone dimensions. J Biomech. 2002 Jan; 35(1):19-26. PMID: 11747879.
      Citations:    
    75. Manal K, Lu X, Nieuwenhuis MK, Helders PJ, Buchanan TS. Force transmission through the juvenile idiopathic arthritic wrist: a novel approach using a sliding rigid body spring model. J Biomech. 2002 Jan; 35(1):125-33. PMID: 11747891.
      Citations:    
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